PINGUICULA MORANENSIS (BUTTERWORT) is the MOST POPULAR BUTTERWORT IN CULTIVATION, PINGUICULA MORANENSIS (BUTTERWORT) is EASY TO CARE FOR AND MAKES A GREAT CANDIDATE FOR WINDOWSILL AND TERRARIUM. PINGUICULA MORANENSIS (BUTTERWORT) is native to GUATEMALA AND MEXICO and is highly variable, as far as butterworts are concerned.
AIME BONPLAND AND ALEXANDER VON HUMBOLDT, FIRST CAME ACROSS PINGUICULA MORANENSIS (BUTTERWORT) on their Latin American expedition between 1799-1804. They collected the species from the outskirts of MINA DE MORAN IN THE SIERRA DE PACHUCA of the modern-day Mexican state of Hidalgo. Bonpland, Humboldt, and Carl Sigismund Kunth together described the plant in their 1817 publication, Nova Genera et Species Plantarum. The species was named after the type plant’s location in Mina de Moran. Since then, the variable little ping has been redefined on at least two different occasions and split into new species based on morphological distinctions (mostly flower-based) and geographical location.
OTHER NOTABLE CHARACTERISTICS
As a perennial, PINGUICULA MORANENSIS (BUTTERWORT) retreats into 2-4 inch (5-10 cm) rosettes of spoon-shaped, non-carnivorous succulent leaves from WINTER INTO EARLY SPRING. In their natural habitat, THESES MONTHS ARE DRY. The HALF A DOZEN TO MANY DOZEN of succulent leaves stay compact, tightly rosetted, and prevent MOISTURE LOSS. Like most succulents, these leaves can be used for propagation by plucking them from the main plant and placing them in moistened soil.
It’s DURING THIS DORMANCY SEASON, that the plants produce their FIRST SET OF SEASONAL FLOWER. The second, and final set of flowers show up BY LATE SUMMER. Multiple 6 to 10 inch (15 to 25.5 cm) flower stalks can be produced at a time with each containing a single, delicate flower.
Flowers of PINGUICULA MORANENSIS (BUTTERWORT) vary from purple, to violet, to bright pink, and even white in an Alba form.
Like many Pinguicula, PINGUICULA MORANENSIS (BUTTERWORT) is a VORACIOUS EATER voracious eater and its flypaper-like leaves DECIMATE GNAT POPULATIONS. CARNIVOROUS LEAVES form 2 to 8 inch (5 – 20 cm) rosettes, are an attractive hue of lime green, and different varieties have pinkish blotches and edging. LEAVES TEND TO CURL UPWARDS along their edges. Like most carnivorous plants, our sticky little friend captures and digests prey to supplement the NUTRIENT POOR SOILS they NATURALLY GROW IN. In the wild, you’ll frequently find them growing alongside agave and TILLANDSIA.
HOW TO GROW PINGUICULA MORANENSIS (BUTTERWORT)
- You can grow butterwort plants OUTSIDE IN TEMPERATURE TO WARM ZONES OR IN A POT ANNUALS. The plants will persist as perennials and grow new rosettes, multiplying the plant’s diminutive size.
- The BEST SOIL FOR CONTAINER PLANT IS A MIX OF SPHAGNUM MOSS WITH EQUAL PARTS VERMICULITE OR SAND. Plants situated outdoors will DO BEST IN MOIST SOIL OR EVEN NEAR WATER. Carnivorous butterworts THRIVE IN SUN TO PARTIAL SHADE. The plants MUST NEVER DRY OUT, though potted plants should also HAVE GOOD DRAINAGE. Butterworts must experience a dormancy period to REGROW AND BLOOM EACH YEAR. Cut back the dead leaves in late winter or early spring to encourage the new growth.
PINGUICULA MORANENSIS (BUTTERWORT) CARE
- The butterwort plant is FAIRLY SELF SUFFICIENT. It SHOULDN’T BE GROWN INDOORS unless you have a gnat problem, but OUTSIDE IT CAN GATHER ITS OWN FOOD. The plant ATTRACTS TINY INSECTS THAT GET STUCK IN THE SLIMY, SLICK COATING ON THE LEAVES. Their struggle encourages the release of a DIGESTIVE ENZYME. Provided the plant is in CORRECT LIGHT, TEMPERATURE AND MOIST CONDITIONS, the little butterwort will thrive. It is NOT BOTHERED BY MANY DISEASES OR PETS. THE MOST IMPORTANT CONSIDERATION for butterwort care is the QUALITY AND FREQUENCY OF WATER. The plant cannot dry out or it may die. The type of water is crucial, however, as the plant is sensitive to certain minerals and concentrations of salt. USE RAIN WATER IF POSSIBLE, OTHERWISE PURCHASE DISTILLED WATER.
- Mexican or Tropical butterworts have a WINTER DORMANCY that is marked by a change in the leaves from their carnivorous type to a tighter, more succulent leaf. When the Pinguicula has formed these tight, succulent leaves you can withhold water as described above for the dormancy period. We wait for the butterworts to go dormant BEFORE WE STOP WATERING. And when they BEGIN GROWING their carnivorous leaves, just begin with THE TRAY METHOD OF WATERING AGAIN.
TIPS OR INFORMATION IN WATERING THE PLANT
- Unlike most other carnivorous plants, tropical butterworts are PRONE TO ROTTING IF THE SOIL IS TOO WET. KEEP THE SOIL MOIST BY TOP WATERING WHENEVER THE SOIL BEGINS TO FEEL DRY. It’s alright to pour water over your plant. MUCILAGE WASHED OFF, THE LEAVES washed off the leaves will be REPLACED WITHIN THE DAY. AVOID LETTING THE SOIL DRY OUT COMPLETELY. If you prefer, you may keep your plant in SMALL AMOUNTS OF WATER, no more than 1/4 of the way up the pot. If you use this method of watering, ADD MORE WATER ONLY WHEN THE WATER EVAPORATES COMPLETELY FROM YOUR TRAY.
- Unlike many other types of carnivorous plants, tropical butterworts can TOLERATE MODERATE HARD WATER (up to 200 ppm) with almost NO ADVERSE CHANGE IN GROWTH. MAKE SURE THE WATER DRAINS THROUGH COMPLETELY. If you use the water tray method, use low mineral water (less than 50 ppm) to avoid excessive mineral buildup in the soil, which CAN BECOME HARMFUL AT HIGH CONCENTRATIONS FOR TROPICAL PINGUICULA.