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There are above 500 DIFFERENT VARIETY IN VIOLA GENUS, together with perennials, annuals, and even some sub shrubs. All told, they are known as VIOLAS, even so individual distinctive garden types are normally called pansies, johnny-jump-ups, or violets. As a group, violas include both species plants and many hundreds of hybrids and cultivars.

THIS TYPE OF PLANT IS GROWN AS GARDEN PLANTS, THEY ARE MOSTLY SMALL FLOWERED YEAR LONG OR SHORT-LIVED PERENNIALS. MOSTLY, MANY WILL SEED AND GIVE YOU SOME YEARS OF EXCITEMENT. VIOLAS ARE PARTICULARLY COOL SEASON BLOOMERS, they are IDEAL FOR STARTING AND ENDING THE SEASON IN COLDER CLIMATES AND FOR BRIDGING THE SEASONS IN WARMER ZONES, WHERE THEY CAN REMAIN IN BLOOM THROUGHOUT THE WINTER.

VIOLAS ARE CONVENIENT TYPE OF FLOWERS AND MAKE UNFORESEEABLE GARNISHES AND SALAD INGREDIENTS. They can be USED FRESH FOR A FROSTED EFFECT OR CAN BE USED TO DECORATE CAKES OR OTHER PARTICULAR FOOD.

BIRTH AND HOME:  ARGENTINA, all around Chubut, Mendoza, Neuquen, Río Negro provinces AND CHILE (Region XI – Aysén).

VIOLA COLUMNARIS

HABITAT AND ECOLOGY

 It is a perennial plant that BLOOMS IN THE UPLANDS of the Andes mountains. It grows in ROUGH LANDSCAPE WITH MAXIMUM SUN EXPOSURE TOGETHER WITH OTHER SMALL PLANT SPECIES SUCH AS:
Azorella ameghinoi  and Nassauvia pygmaea. The LEAFLETS of VIOLA COLUMNARIS show a NOTICEABLE SIMILARITY IN APPEARANCE, MOST SPECIALLY WHEN IT COMES TO COLOR to their background rocks and the plants are DIFFICULT TO BE SEEN WHEN NOT IN FLOWERS

 TUFTED PERRENIAL HERB is what VIOLA COLUMNARIS belong to. It expands ALMOST HORIZONTALLY ON THE LAND BY MEANS OF RHIZOMES. It is EXCEPTIONAL FOR ITS NEAT, firmly overlapping, tile-like rosette structure, taking the form of raised columns, and it is evident how VIOLA COLUMNARIS gets its name. Its LEAVES USUALLY HAVE THE SAME COLOR F THE ROCKS WHEN IT BLOOMS. The FLOWERS, BARELY EMERGING FROM THE ROSETTES, ARE WHITE WITH VIOLET VEINS AND APPEARS IN SPRING AND IN EARLY SUMMER. COLOMNARIS COMPACTLY PROTECTED WITH HARD AND TIGHT LEAVES, it is up to 9 cm high from the ground. This structure permits the plant to support the friction of the sand transported by winds. It’s LEAVES are Spathulate-rhobic, at times wide than lengthy, twirly arranged, overlapping, leathery. While its FLOWERS are Zygomorphic, hermaphrodite, white with violet veins to purple. It also has a fruit, which is CAPSULES.

ALIKE SPECIES: VIOLA COLUMNARIS is related to Viola dasyphylla, but the latter not at all form raised columns, as may those of eponymous V. columnaris. Although leaf pads of both species can be suchlike in outline, as a precept those of V. columnaris are particularly more spatulate, sometimes broader than long.

VIOLA COLUMNARIS

HOW TO GROW AND CARE FOR VIOLA COLUMNARIS

ROSULATE VIOLAS have a position for being difficult to keep alive. Cold conditions, soil that contains adequate amounts of nutrients, and as much light as possible, are essential. THEY BLOOM IN FAIRLY BARE LOOSE SOILS, WHICH ARE GENERALLY VOLCANIC IN ORIGIN. VIOLA COLUMNARIS CAN STAND WITHSTAND TEMPERATURES AS LOW AS 0 TO 50°F(-17.8 TO 10°C)

PROPAGATION: ROSULATE VIOLAS ARE GROWN OLNY FROM SEED AND WITH SOME PATIENCE.

The COMMON PROBLEM OF THESE PLANTS ARE ETIOLATION, caused by a DEFICIENCY OF LIGHT, which results ELONGATION OF THE COMPACT ROSETTES. It is commonly known that in any bunch of seedlings, some of them will quickly etiolate, but others may not so do not expect too much form it. Also, there is some outlook in choosing Rosulate Violas MORE PRACTICABLY TO BLOOM ADEQUATELY IN CULTIVATION.

VIOLA COLUMNARIS
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