HABITAT AND ECOLOGY

ON FLAT DRY AREAS OR SLOPES FACING NORTH ON THE FULLY EXPOSED SUN, is where this species GROW, often among IN VOLCANIC ASH WITH LOOSE PUMICE STONES and also in SAND OR SILTY SOILS of steppe or steppe edge habitats. 3-5 MONTHS ARE THE EXPECTED TIME IN THESE AREAS TO GET DROUGHT and the precipitations (400-800 mm per annum) are CONCENTRATED IN WINTER. It CAN BE COVERED BY SNOW FOR MONTHS (1-8 months). Together with some of its close relatives, this species is well adapted to blended in with the sand and stony volcanic ground where it grows. The color of the sand and the leaves of this particular species are VERY SIMILAR, and it seems that this could be an ADAPTION TO HERBIVORES.

VIOLA VOLCANICA (VOLCANIC VIOLET)

USUALLY VIOLA VOLCANICA is misspelled as “VULCANICA”, EXCEPTIONAL for its well ordered, dome shaped rosettes. Also, it is a little stemless annual or short lived perennial herb. It has color of a sand with scalloped hairy margins, and have an amazingly texture of leaves. The flowers are rather small white with violet veins, and are barely emerging from the rosettes. So this really is primarily a foliage plant as far as a gardener’s eye is concerned. Its ROSETTES are compacted or compressed with a dome shaped like, that grows up to 5cm. While its ROOTS are fusiform divided above. It has a FINELY TEXTURED LEAVES, that are often ochre-colored with violet tones. BELOW RED GLANDULAR, above somewhat reticulate and wrinkled. Transpiration can be reduced by the help of the thin hairs around the margins, also it slows down the movement of air around the plant, a very essential adaptation to its windy environment. It has 3 stipules with dark, linear, and intermediate ones bifid. It’s FLOWERS have 5 petals, color of white and less than 18mm in diameter, with violet veins toward the center and a yellow throat leading from the petal, spur to 2 mm long. This kind of species is cosely related or familiar to VIOLA CONGESTA but it has more pointed leaves than VIOLA VOLCANICA.

VIOLA VOLCANICA (VOLCANIC VIOLET)

HOW TO GROW AND CARE FOR VIOLA VOLCANICA

SOIL THAT CONTAINS ADEQUATE AMOUNTS OF NUTRIENTS AND AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE ARE ESSENTIAL ESPECIALLY IN COLD CONDITIONS. This species’ rosettes are known for being DIFFICULT TO KEEP ALIVE. It grows in a place with BARE LOOSE SOILS, which are often VOLCANIC IN ORIGIN. The PROPAGATION of this plant is ONLY FROM SEED AND NEEDS TO HAVE SOME PATIENCE.

LACK OF LIGHT results elongation of the compact rosettes, which is the MAIN PROBLEM of these plants. It is known that some of them will quickly etiolate, while others may not. This kind of species are more likely to GROW SATISFACTORILY IN CULTIVATION, so there is some scope in picking or selecting.

TOXICITY OF VIOLA VOLCANICA

BOTH THE FLOWERS AND LEAVES ARE EDIBLE FRESH, COOKED, OR DRIED. VIOLAS are NON-TOXIC for humans and pets.

VIOLA VOLCANICA (VOLCANIC VIOLET)

INSECT PROBLEMS:

APHIDS

BAGWORM, APTERONA HELIX

VIOLET GALL MIDGE, PHYTOPHAGA VIOLICOLA.

VIOLET SAWFLY, AMETASTEGIA PALLIPES